Prior to the Second World War, international law was principally meant in terms of relationship between two autonomous states. But post war, the scenario changed. It came to the forefront that citizens’ rights are not getting absolute state protection. Therefore, safeguarding individual rights against any form of atrocity fell into the jurisdiction of international law. Individuals became the main subject for international law and justice. Investigation and trial of international crimes like war, genocide, crime against humanity fall under the authority of international justice.
In the year 1990, special tribunals were set up by the Security Council to acknowledge the legal accountability of commoners in Yugoslavia and Rwanda in ethnic cleansing and serious crimes being committed. India in current context has the largest congregation of entrapped individuals in the form of modern slavery. Though India has stringent law enforcement against anti slavery and trafficking, it’s still the haven for traffickers and slave owners with enormous number of exploited women, children and men.
Ailing criminal justice system and political unwillingness to inspect and put on trial the offenders are the main reasons for increase in genocide, extra judicial executions and disappearances and afflictions worldwide. Survivors of any war are the worst sufferers and rarely get justice. They are discriminated and the entire mishap is given a miss by the politicians and governing bodies.
In the year 2002, International Criminal Court has been rightly set up to deal with cases associated with genocide, crimes related to aggression and humanity and war crimes and overturning the trend of indemnity globally. The establishment of ICC loudly declared the world that unfair and apathetic treatments in international crimes would not be tolerated hereafter. However, off late, ICC has faced criticism for being partial to Africa overlooking the infringements in other countries of the world. Let’s take a look at the three main perceptions that international justice deals with:
- Truth: That every nation, its commoners and the survivors have the right to know the truth of a particular crime committed. The state should find out and then publicly admit the reasons for a crime committed to its citizens and the relatives and survivors.
- Justice: That every state should thoroughly investigate a crime and punish the offenders in fair prosecution. At the same time, state should refrain from inflicting death penalties and torture on criminals as it will only add fuel to the cycle of cruelty and abuse.
- Compensation: That the state should address the survivors and their families and relatives with suitable material and psychological assistance to restore their lives and property.
Now that you have an idea about International Justice, let’s talk about Zero FIR…
What is Zero FIR?
After a cognizable offence gets reported in any police station, the concerned officer takes down that complaint from the victim and documents the crime in writing which is referred as the first information report or FIR. Unlike normal FIR, in Zero FIR, the victim can file the complaint irrespective of the residence or crime place. A copy of the complaint, official signature of the one who registers the complaint and the identification number of the complaint should be collected by the complainant.
Taking immediate steps on cases like rape, molestation, murder or accidents by the police actually initiated the concept of Zero FIR in Indian jurisdiction. Make sure the complaint is not transferred to the police station of the concerned jurisdiction without proper actions or inquiry on the report.
In case of such failure, international community will take up the responsibility to guarantee justice via universal jurisdiction. In developing countries, situation is too frightening as violence and poverty are interdependent factors exploding crime and sadism. Criminals think that they can go scot-free committing a heinous act. In some cases, we see fast judgment, while some just lag behind and ultimately get lost. In many cases, broken, corrupt and biased criminal justice system becomes an advantage for criminals. Various global organizations are working hard to detect different underlying atrocities and abuses in developing nations and ensuring proper justice to the sufferers.